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Convention on Disarmament: A-Sat, Mission Shakti & PAROS

CONVENTION ON DISARMAMENT

  • Conference on Disarmament is a multilateral disarmament forum established by the international community.
  • It is headquartered at Palace of Nations (Palais des Nations) in Geneva.
  • Its main objective is to negotiate arms and disarmament agreement.
  • It represents all nuclear states. India & Pakistan are included under G-21 regional Group.

UNO & CD

  • It is not formally related to UNO but Director General of UN office at Geneva serves as the Secretary General of CD.
  • It also submits annual report to General Assembly

ACHIEVEMENTS: It helped in drafting

  • NPT (1968)
  • Biological Weapons Convention (1972)
  • Chemical Weapons Convention (1993)
  • CTBT (1996)

PROSPECTIVE WORK

  • Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty (FMCT)
  • Prevention of Arms Race in Outer Space (PAROS)
  • Negative Security Assurance (NSA)
  • However, it failed to materialize Nuclear Weapon Ban Treaty (Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapon). It was by UNGA and not at CD in Geneva.
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